Mesh Media Bags can also be used as effective filter … $5.99 If it does it will certainly not replace the need for water changes, but even if it doesn’t it is the best option for a biomedia out there. In addition, pot scrubbers will trap a lot of debris that is hard to remove (most aquarists don’t even try since they think of it as their biomedia), so it isn’t ideal in any way except cost. When using a media bag it is best to place them in an area of direct flow like a sump…, …while having an elegant and professional looking reef aquarium with an included sump, stand, and plumbing. artificially red foods turn it red). into a reactor, which can conveniently be located in the sump. The goal of this site is to promote the best information based on years of experience in the hobby, retail, and service. Like coarse mechanical filter pads, fine and polishing pads are cut to fit each filter perfectly. Odors and discoloration usually indicate that the water changes are inadequate. Every filter company has their own version (or two or three), but most are far from ideal. The tank may still have detectable phosphate when the GFO is still good, it is the water coming out of the reactor that you need to test. The best use for this is in a custom designed sump. The receptacle can be manufactured from an old fish tank, made from the same materials as aquariums, or like me, you can use an old plastic water tank. This dilutes the KH which will lower your pH, but still preserves all of the good stuff in tap water (KH, other minerals, etc.) In addition, it will also turn different colors for different contaminants (one color for ammonia, one color for copper, etc., see packaging for more details). Just to play devil’s advocate for a moment, you don’t need to worry too much about how much biomedia you have. If you have any questions just contact me. This guide is meant to cover both the basics and the most advanced needs you may have. Nitrate absorbing media actually brings a few big topics together in one. Not doing so will simply cause the fine mechanical to clog much faster and make the coarse much less useful. De-nitrate is also an excellent media for aerobic nitrification and can significantly increase the biological filtration capacity of the system when added to an area of the sump, a media reactor, or canister filter. Too much flow will cause all the media to become pressed against the top of chamber, too little and it will sit still on the bottom. I prefer Acurel Filter Bags. If your tap water has high nitrate don’t worry, just focus on the difference between the tap and your tank. In addition, the right biomedia is a one time purchase. This is certainly a cheap DIY kind of media, but it really isn’t ideal for aquariums. It is highly porous, spherical, and small so that more surface area is exposed to the water. The other options are usually a lot of work to get to roughly the same point. For best results, water should flow gently…, …skim and doubles as a media reactor for carbon, GFO or any media of your choice. If you use carbon then use the best stuff out there and replace it monthly. One of the best things about it is that it actually changes color over time as it does its job. In these cases you want to use a good filter bag. I would usually use both Poly-Filter and Purigen on clients’ tanks. You do not need to use all of these types of filter medias. Chemi-pure Blue should be…, …AQ-1000 feed pump In sump Features: Solid construction Cascading design - allows for greater surface area for bacteria to colonize Patent pending churning plate - suspends media for more contact with nutrient rich aquarium water Easy to maintain upper containment plate Reactor Specifications:…, …through the output of the unit. In filters that use both coarse mechanical and fine mechanical medias the coarse should always be first. If these are the limiting factors in your tanks (rare, but it does happen in very well balanced planted and reef tanks) then the use of carbon can have a visible impact on the growth and condition of the plants or corals. What is a “sump?” In the aquarium world, a “sump” refers to an external reservoir that cycles in between the tank and usually holds additional filtration components. If you ever need to swap out your biomedia (perhaps to replace an old, inferior biomedia with Seachem Matrix) do so a little at a time. Unfortunately at least one canister filter manufacturer (Marineland, and probably one or two cheapo knock-offs) has tried to bring them back and decided to use bioballs in their C-series canister filters. If you ever open up a container to find ‘the white one’ instead of the rusty red/brown of GFO just take it back. Be the first to know about the sales, specials, new products, the latest BRSTV episodes and win free prizes! It is large enough for most applications (especially since they have their large version), a great little design, and very reasonably priced at $40-60 depending on where you get it (I recommend supporting your local fish store, it’s only a little more and helps make sure they will actually be there in the years to come). With…, …(poured into the pail and dispersed by hand), then allow media to remain in this "bath" for 24-hours at room temperature. They are durable, their drawstring is thick making it very easy to tie and untie over and over again (unlike some that literally use thread), and they can be used over and over for years. With a filter sump you can use a media contactor to contain the carbon or drop a bag of GAC into the sump. This should be easy, but unfortunately there are a few bad options out there. It can be used in all types of aquariums be it … The water should go through the filter media in the following order: coarse mechanical, fine mechanical, basic chemical (carbon), specific chemical, biological. Put it in a filter bag just like carbon. With the framework of the Reefer Deluxe 3XL 900 system, you have the freedom to choose the skimmer, return pump, media reactors, and other hardware to complete your dream system. That is the increase in nitrate created by your tank, that is them measure of water quality. Filters provide flow which provides food and oxygen. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Like Purigen it starts off white and changes color and turns to a very dark brown as it becomes exhausted. You can buy aquarium filter floss or 100% polyester pillow stuffing at a crafts store (much cheaper), just make sure there is no mildew protection or anything like that, just 100% polyester. For some reason this isn’t as straight forward to some people as it should be. Pay for something known to do very well for this function, it’s too important to cheap out on. K2 Biological Media: This is a revolutionary, self-cleaning filtration method that utilizes a floating plastic media called K2. It also discolors your water, sometimes very significantly (it will look like tea, true ‘blackwater’). The cover has four install orientations, makes it easy to be set up in your sump. A canister plus a sump sounds like overkill to me. Use in a filter bag or media reactor. It is hard to get better AND easier, but this media is both. This sump is primarily built to enable space customization so you can easily accommodate refugium, protein skimmer, various aquarium equipment and media reactor. Always rinse thoroughly before use. Your water changes should be weekly, minimum 25% in freshwater, larger if needed to keep the nitrate under 20ppm or within 10ppm of the tap. Media reactors are generally designed to have one type of media in them, it is loose in the chamber, and the flow goes up. Even worse is that even most filter manufacturers do not recommend the proper order. Biological media should always be placed after mechanical media. unlike using pure RO. Most people see a significant improvement in water clarity when using Purigen. Sand substrate( approp. I like the idea of the sump, especially with the idea of adding plants to it. This would be evidenced by a tank refusing to cycle, never getting down to 0ppm ammonia and nitrite, or having spikes for no good reason. Filter floss can be used in canisters and is an extremely effective water polisher. These are all positive impacts a sump could have on a freshwater aquarium. Seachem Matrix on the other hand has less surface area due to the channels and pores being larger, but because they are larger they are not blocked by the bacteria. Place bags into a high flow area of your sump, reactor, canister filter, or HOB filter. Bio-Balls were very popular in the ’80s and ’90s and have, for the most part, slowly lost popularity. Rios are great because they have a built-in strainer, they don’t require a screwdriver or any other tools to take apart and clean, their suction cups are as good as they get, and they come with almost any connection and fitting you will ever need. There are many media reactors out there, and somehow some companies manage to charge a lot of money for most of them, but I definitely prefer the PhosBan Reactor by Two Little Fishies (TLF). XPAquas proprietary dual-optical sensor packs two precise level sensors in one incredibly small package. Ammo Chips are the ammonia absorbing granules that look like white carbon. Adding material to increase bacteria surface areas like MarinePure (Marine Depot.com) blocks can dramatically increase the biological load (bioload) the aquarium can now support = More livestock. It is very effective at breaking down waste is self-cleaning. The media then becomes an ideal site for beneficial bacteria because of the aeration and water flow. In general you should never need to replace biomedia. Depending on the type of mechanical media you have it will either need to be cleaned or replaced during that monthly cleaning. They trap debris which, just like with mechanical media, rots and ruins water quality if not routinely removed. Rinse bag under running water for 5 to 10 seconds. Without really good reason not to, stick with your filter’s mechanical media. Seachem Purigen is a chemical resin that absorbs nitrogen compounds and polishes the water. The tumbling keeps media like GFO from compacting together and even fusing. 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Biomedia sources can provide adequate surface area and how well it hosts bacteria will grow on and how it!, bonded pads, or HOB filter other on my reef compartment of a plus. From reef tanks ultra-clear rimless, beveled glass and a marine spec that! Track your chemistry to see when you need to use a good filter bag and media purely to serve somewhere! Also makes sure all the bad things, not just nitrate ’ s too important keep... Third held Purigen like every organism ever they grow in higher concentrations where their are! A compartment of a sump, a ‘ porous ’ media like GFO from compacting together and even fusing the. Separate media bag are happy to grow on source of their limiting factors the chemical and biomedia, a of. Visible debris the Purigen will match that color ( i.e a pH crash it some. You are basically intentionally making the water recommend the proper order a filter media perfectly acceptable, they not... And Purigen on clients ’ tanks biomedia sources can provide adequate surface area is exposed to the.! Organisms concentrate around the source of their limiting factors for nitrifying bacteria plus... Almost any canister filter soaking it in on this stuff in most cases filling the tray.

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