https://tanks-encyclopedia.com/modern/modern-german-tanks.php The division formed part of the Afrika Korps during its deployment to North Africa. As regards the Russian front, when von Reichenau's Sixth and Seventeenth Armies constantly It was here that the division faced its first damaging battle in Italy during the bitter fighting with the 1st Canadian Infantry Division during the Moro River Campaign in late November 1943 and the Battle of Ortona in December. Excellent photograph of a mounted unit crossing a ferry.On the horse to the left can be seen the rifle scabbard used until early 1941. von Boeslager Mounted Force Formed in the spring of 1943 and operational until the end of the war, also known as Army Group (Mitte). The first unit incorporated was the 39th Panzerjager (anti-tank) Battalion. Afrika[1][Note 1], The subordinated 288th Special Service Unit, originally known as Sonderverband 288 was a regimental sized, special operations unit consisting of sub-units with various combat specialties including mountain and desert warfare, night operations and infiltration. their attacking divisions, so that all are equally adapted for cooperating with At the end of July 1944, the division was again relocated into the Po Valley between Modena and Parma and then to Liguria north of Genoa to re-group. They were not sufficiently ar… No definite information is available as to any change in structure which chickenwing43 Nov 28, 2020 @ 6:22am 50w infantry is great, just spam out guns and you can use the spare factories to make air. The 90th was involved in the battles related to Operation Crusader in 1942 and later in the battles of Bir Hakeim as well as the First and Second battles of El Alamein. undergone. The bulky MG 08/15 represented Germany’s attempt at producing a light machine gun. the divisional allotment of artillery by using the G.H.Q. Background The division that would become famous later as 90th Light Division started its life as a formation of odds and sods, thrown together quickly out of whatever was available while a much more important war raged in the east. This proposed move was strongly opposed by the Corps generals who insisted that the 90th was just beginning to make itself felt at Cassino. [33][34], General Sir W Jackson, the government historian responsible for documenting the British official history of the War in Italy, considered the 90th Panzergrenadier Division a "worthy opponent. The Corps staff prevailed and the 90th went into battle to following day. The Panzer, motorized, mountain, and light divisions are all based on the Wrecked German transport and knocked out tanks on a road in the Falaise-Argentan area, 21 August 1944. Light divisions were first reported in action in the summer of 1941 on Battles raged around the abbey for an additional three days after which Gen Freyberg called off the corps attack. Name was changed effective from 26 July 1942, Was assigned to division but was being formed in Germany. divisions, which had suffered heavy casualties in Russia, and therefore had to What the German 1917 division lost in rifles, however, it more than gained in other weapons. It is thought that the four light divisions which at first emerged on the "12 May 1943: The Germans surrender in North Africa", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=90th_Light_Infantry_Division_(Wehrmacht)&oldid=1000730582, Military units and formations established in 1941, Infantry divisions of Germany during World War II, Military units and formations disestablished in 1945, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1 × Company 190th Panzer Signals Battalion, This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 12:23. 3 of Tactical and Technical Trends a Generalmajor Friedrich-Wilhelm von Loeper(24 November 1938 - 12 October 1939) < > Showing 1-3 of 3 comments . The original Light Divisions set up in 1937 and 1938 were motorized cavalry formations that varied in their organization. expensive to maintain. … [32] The 90th was forced to surrender on 28 April 1945 after the divisional commander and his staff had been captured earlier in the day, [32] with the remnants of the division surrendering to the Brazilian Expeditionary Force (FEB)[citation needed] on the Via Emilia south of Lake Garda. of three battalions of 5 companies (3 rifle companies, 1 machine-gun was an experimental one, entrusted to the commanders mainly responsible for it. pool can more easily cooperate with regiments, the The 90th Light Infantry Division was a light infantry division of the German Army during World War II that served in North Africa as well as Sardinia and Italy. based on the two-regiment organization. motorization, however, it seems that a final decision has still to be taken. The new 164th Light Division was sent to North Africa to join Rommel’s army. Due to the severe shortage of both manpower and materials, the regiment became semi-motorized . A division now had 48 mortars, a weapon not in its 1914 inventory, and by the winter of 1917-18, the number of machine guns had increased from the initial 24 to 358 (142 heavy and 216 light). to the G.H.Q. division or that as the occasion requires, so likewise they would be able to The reason for the creation of the light division is apparently based on the Afrika. As a rule, however, they had a light tank battalion, one or two regiments of mounted infantry with two or three battalions each, a motorized artillery regiment with 24 105 mm leFH field howitzers, an anti-tank battalion with 36 3.7-cm PAK 36 and 12 20 mm Flak 38, and a motorized reconnaissance battalion or a reconnaissance regiment with armored cars. These light tanks fought in the German Panzer Divisions from 1939 until 1942, when they were removed from active service. History The 90th Light Infantry Division was created in August 1941 as Division z.b.V. However, its development, both present Early in the war the panzer divisions used mostly light tanks, and later they used mostly medium tanks. The 5th Light Division was a makeshift division built in piecemeal fashion from available units. (In issue No. On 26 June 1941, the OKH ordered the creation of a Division HQ staff for Kommando zbV Afrika in Germany. Abteilung of Panzer-Regiment in Type 45 Panzer-Division. company. Both they and units hurriedly ordered to shore up the clearly splintering defence were shocked at what they saw. As such, it was provided with partial horse or motor transport and lighter artillery. Yet, it also had a small detachment with bigger guns, but overall it couldn’t compete with the US or German division in this regard. A 6-pdr anti-tank gun crew of the Durham Light Infantry, 49th (West Riding) Division inspect a knocked-out German Panther tank during Operation ‘Epsom’, 27 June 1944. LMG: light machine gun, IG: infantry gun, PS: Panzerschrecks. Formed from reconstituted 155th Light Infantry Regiment. The second of these divisions was given the same infantry structure of stage. armies. This unit was formed in Potsdam in 1941 from specialist soldiers with previous experience in the deserts of the Middle East and North Africa. may in time supersede both motorized and "normal" infantry divisions. 3 LT 2 MOT (10 CW) 6 LT 4 MOT (20 CW) You could replace some tanks with LSPAT for extra damage. Strength of the most important Division types of the German Field Army in 1939 Tank Strength of Panzer Divisions German Panzer Strength June of 1941 to January of 1945 Wehrmacht Panzer Division (mid-1942) Panzer Division HQ: Reconnaissance Battalion - Aufklaerung Abteilung: Armored Car Company Armored Car Company Panzergrenadier Company Heavy Company Signals Battalion - Nachrichten … on a horse basis. [5] Through its five-year existence, it was re-designated several times, although always known colloquially as the Africa Division, being the only German combat division to have been largely raised in Africa itself. pool can transport the "Jaeger" regiments [21], By 1 June, Kesselring tried to concentrate the 90th, the 1st Parachute, 305th Infantry and 94th Infantry divisions into a defensive line between Piglio and Paliano. [1] On 20 October more units were attached (155th Inf Regt, 900th Engineer Battalion and 605th Anti Tank battalion) and the division troops were expanded to full strength with the division becoming known as Division z.b.V. Unlike the British, who had employed armoured cars continuously in a wide variety of roles, the German reconnaissance battalions were heavily influenced from the outset by, their cavalry background. Leichte Infanterie Division) was a light infantry division. only spearhead divisions at the head of a thrust by one or the other of these two In Tunisia, the 90th were initially involved in the Battle of El Guettar. battalions of the old Imperial Army. The planned division was intended for deployment to Africa to re-balance, and add infantry troops to the DAK deployed in the Western Desert. [citation needed] The reserve was committed to battle in April 1945 to attempt to halt a breakthrough by the US 10th Mountain Division on the Po defence line[30] but were unable to hold the advancing Allied forces. the four original light divisions employed on the Russian front may have [25] By November 1944 the division had withdrawn north and formed part of the defensive lines covering the advances to Bologna. [28] After a series of retreating battles into March 1945, the 90th was assigned as Field Army Group reserve under command of Heeresgruppe C.[29] and put into reserve for rebuilding. It was re-constituted later in 1943 and deployed to Sardinia and when the expected Allied invasion of Sardinia failed to materialise, the division was moved to jacob.huska Nov 20, 2020 @ 2:48pm @Nerkec Double it, just X2 the whole thing . tank battalion is to be added; the other divisional units all depart to a greater [19] On 18 May, when the 90th reached the Hitler Line, it was transferred from 51st Mountain Corps to fall under the command of 14th Panzer Corps and deployed in the at Pignataro - Pontecorvo area. It is concluded, therefore, that the light division is the new type which [15] On 3 February, Kesselring instructed the whole 1st Parachute Division to be moved from the Adriatic to Cassino to relieve the 90th Division. Tank crews crowd onto a Sherman Firefly to celebrate the capture of Le Beny Bocage, 1 August 1944. Contained at least 300 French Foreign Legionnaires. At the same time, tank regiments stands for "zur besonderen Verwendung", which translates as "for a special use" in English. flexible and has as great striking power as the motorized division, but is less same two-regiment structure. there reorganized as light divisions. Russian front represented two separate types. The formation headquarters was sent to Africa between late August and mid-September 1941 and deployed to command the Sollum area with the first units (347th Infantry Regiment and 300th Special Services "Oasis" Battalion) being attached on 15 October 1941. independent artillery regiment. [6] In the final confrontation with the 90th Light in May 1943, Freyberg had sent a message to the German Division stating "..your position is hopeless. [18] The 90th was relieved in the Cassino line after the second battle for Cassino by the 1st Parachute Division and were moved to join the 51st Mountain Corps after refitting at Frosinone. With the half-tracked battalion merged into the Panzer-Regiment, the Panzergrenadier-Regiment no longer contained SdKfz 251 SPW. Close hand-to-hand combat ensued and the Indian Division launched three attacks against the 90th defences. Jan 6, 2017 @ 10:12pm 4 LT 2 MOT would give you 12 CW but you want 10 20 or 40 CW. It follows that a spearhead force drawn exclusively and all other divisional units were motorized, but the infantry regiments were yet emerged from the experimental stage. A panzer division in World War II consisted of a tank brigade with four battalions, a motorized infantry brigade with four rifle battalions, an artillery regiment, and reconnaissance, antitank, and engineer battalions and service units. Many artillery batteries soon came within range of advancing German infantry. lacking and there is reason to believe that the light division has not economize in motor transport. Armee. operations in North Africa. The 90th thus remained in the Casino defence lines and didn't participate in the Anzio battles. two "Jaeger" regiments, but its artillery and other divisional units remained Panzergrenadier-Regiment (mot) 45 . On mobilization there were 51 active divisions: 39 infantry divisions (including four motorized), 5 panzer divisions (plus a panzer brigade), 4 light divisions and 3 mountain divisions. it seems probable that the reinforced regiment has been found less satisfactory As such, the Africa Division was reconstituted as the 90th Panzergrenadier Division in Sardinia during July 1943 drawing an experienced nucleus of troops from Sturmbrigade Reichsführer SS. Panzer Division runes, in yellow, are visible on the right rear mudguard, balanced by a white company symbol on the left. It is as It is believed that the 90th Light Division was originally intended to be various sources seem to provide a suitable opportunity for a short study of basic structure of which is the same as the infantry regiment of the When Germany mobilized, the system was rapidly expanded to include 16 reserve, 21 territorial (Landwehr) and 14 training divisions (Ergänzungsdivisionen). [22] By 4 June, the 90th were again fighting rear-guard actions on the line Ponte Orsino - Trevi[23] and had retreated further north. The organization of the IIIrd battalions varied; some battalions had two batteries of 150mm heavy field howitzers plus one battery of 105mm guns, while others had three batteries of heavy field howitzers only, as shown in the table below. But by then, these units were very weak and were constantly in contact with Allied forces, making relocation extremely difficult. It was not organized like the previous light divisions used in the Polish Campaign and was called a light division because it had a regiment of tanks but lacked enough pieces to qualify as a full panzer division. Panzer division, and the motorized division, which regularly works in close and consist of two battalions of four companies with a regimental headquarters whenever necessary, and there is no need to tie up motor transport by a permanent The German 100th Jäger Division, formerly the 100th Light Infantry Division (German: 100. German Panzer III of 5th Light Division DAK Libya 1941 Site statistics: Photos of World War II: over 26800 aircraft: 63 models tanks: 59 models vehicles: 59 models guns: 3 models units: 2 ships: 47 WW2 battlefields - 12 weapon models: - equipment: - people: - books in reference section: over 500 World War Photos 2013-2020, contact: info(at)worldwarphotos.info. necessary, from the G.H.Q. (In issue No. [citation needed], By 15 October the division had been withdrawn from Piedmont in orchestrated disengagement manoeuvres and was deployed as part of a defensive line in the Abruzzi Mountains as part of 10. [12] In late December the division was moved to the south of Rome in order to replenish and recover from these battles under LXXVI Panzer Corps. Delta. The division played a major role in most of the actions against the British Eighth Army in the Western Desert Campaign and eventually surrendered to the Allies in the final stages of the Tunisia Campaign in May 1943. pool with similar economy. The abbreviation z.b.V. Standard infantry division (motorized) artillery regiments had two battalions (Ist and IInd) of 105mm light field howitzers. And as usually it had 3 infantry regiments each with 3 infantry battalions. In the form now aimed at the 90th Light Division is to revert to a The division was transferred to the Italian mainland from the Bastia bridgehead on 3 October 1943[10] and assigned to LXXXVII Corps of Army Group C.[11], On arrival in Italy, the 90th was deployed in Tuscany close to Pisa and then moved to Gatteo a Mare on the Adriatic coast and in mid November to the Abruzzo region, as part of the Gustav Line defences. In addition, there is an artillery regiment of two battalions only; a [13], The 29th and 90th Divisions had been moved from the Rome defences to Monte Cassino to bolster the southern defensive Gustav Line in January 1944 as a division assigned to I Parachute Corps. It was engaged in actions against the Allies in Italy from 1943 to April 1945 when the division was listed as "destroyed" in the Po River valley. successful German airborne assault. The 90th was then involved in the fourth battle for Monte Cassino. However, unlike most Allied light machine guns the MG 08/15 retained its water jacket and added a large wooden buttstock resulting in the weapon weighing 33 lbs. principle of fluidity in the employment of special troops (an outstanding characteristic basis of three regiments. The reply was "..We appreciate your message and we realise our position is hopeless; but we have our duty to perform." However during the period November 1941 to March 1942, three infantry It was re-constituted later in 1943 and deployed to Sardinia and when the expected Allied invasion of Sardinia failed to materialise, the division was moved to Italy. The 90th Light was regarded by the 2nd New Zealand Division, commanded by Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard C. Freyberg VC, as their special foe and as the two formations had faced each other on several occasions. The 164th Light Afrika Division fought at El Alamein and took heavy casualties in the westward retreat. OR 3 x 37mm Flak37, 3 x Light Truck* Infantry Gun Platoon 2-4 x 75mm Inf. one of its three infantry regiments, and the two other regiments were The Light Divisions became Panzer Divisions 6-9 in mid 1940. [3] The 361st Regiment contained 300 Germans who had previously served in the French Foreign Legion; who were usually considered unworthy of service but brought about by the Wehrmacht's incessant need for additional troops.[2][4]. [24] After the Allied landings in southern France, the division was relocated to Piedmont to secure the border of the Alpine crossings from France into Italy. Both were based on a two-regiment drawn from the G.H.Q. The third division also is believed not to have been motorized. [4] … These are described as light infantry regiments, employed them in the spearhead of the attack; at times, they were the and contemplated, has been governed by the particular requirements of the The Division was finally overrun at 18:45 on 12 May 1943 and was granted an honourable surrender at 12:30 on 13 May 1943 together with all remaining Axis forces at Cap Bon,[8] marking the end of the Tunisia Campaign. Taking the standard tripod-mounted MG 08 and lightening by redesigning the receiver. nowak284 Nov 4, 2020 @ 2:15am very good guide Nerkec Oct 24, 2020 @ 4:06am "20 width … A direct assault by the New Zealand Division was checked and a later attack by the 167th Bde of 56th (London) Infantry Division was also halted by the 90th Light with British casualties being 63 dead, 221 wounded and 104 missing. Two-Regiment organization size … Authorized Strengths for the 4th light Division was a light infantry Division (:... 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