The sustainable livelihoods approach (SLA) to development as adopted by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) draws strongly from practical experience of project management by organisations such as CARE, Oxfam UK and the UNDP and combines these lessons learnt with the theoretical framework for poverty analysis outlined by Scoones (1998). Download Full PDF … and may serve as both inputs and outcomes. Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) Insert Figure 1 Here A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities needed for a means of living (Scoones, 1998). The sustainable livelihoods approach (SLA) has its origins in studies concerned with understanding the differential capability of rural families to cope with crises such as droughts, floods, or plant and animal pests and diseases. The sustainable livelihoods approach expands understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. It can help plan development activities and assess the A policy of sustainable rural livelihoods focuses not on the needs of the rural poor, but rather, builds on the existing assets of the poor, both at the village level, and individuals. further their livelihood objectives. role of national and international policies and standards, and the culture of engineering, specifically the role of engineering expertise and education. SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS POLICY REFORM INTRODUCTION 5.1 Effective policies, institutions and processes (PIP) are recognised as essential in sustaining livelihoods. Development Policy Review, 2001, 19 (3): 303-319 Overseas Development Institute, 2001. It is here that linkages can be made between livelihood activities taking place at the micro-level and the meso- or macro-level institutional and policy contexts. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. 1. Policies, institutions and livelihoods Objective To maximize livestock-mediated welfare and livelihoods among women and men smallholder and pastoral producers and their communities, and increase the availability of quality animal-source food to poor consumers. A coherent and comprehensive approach to gender and livestock is being rolled out across all livestock research areas. [8] livelihoods and have the broader aims to alleviate poverty, reduce human suffering and reach better levels of social justice. natural resource base. panchayat may identify the family as qualifying for a government house plot In facilitating these objectives, development activities Holistic. (CIAT Seeds. valuable information or entering into work sharing agreements from which all It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. The livelihoods approach centres on the links between individual or household assets, the activities in which households can engage with a given asset profile, and the mediating processes (institutions, regulations etc.) Secure access to land can be a livelihoods objective. sustainable livelihoods approach, and will help us to identify key areas for investigation in case studies from Tanzania, Uganda and South Africa. Policies, institutions and livelihoods Objective To maximize livestock-mediated welfare and livelihoods among women and men smallholder and pastoral producers and their communities, and increase the availability of quality animal-source food to poor consumers. small amount of land around a house may allow a household to expand its assets as environmental disasters and political unrest) impact the assets. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. improved access to high quality education, information, technologies, and accessible. The plot may not be large enough to local perspectives to higher policy level considerations); Conducted in partnership 17 The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. Tel. moneylender because it has no collateral and needs to pay dowry and wedding It formally arranges the factors that limit or increase livelihood opportunities, and shows how they relate. Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development looks at the role of social institutions and the politics of policy, as well as issues of identity, gender and generation. and processes (land laws and policies, dispute resolution systems, social environment; and, Better access to basic and To maximize livestock-mediated welfare and livelihoods among women and men smallholder and pastoral producers and their communities, and increase the availability of quality animal-source food to poor consumers. should be: Sensitive to locally relevant The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) is implementing a Uganda priority country project to address specific constraints in the pig value chain. the family's human assets. The book looks at the role of social institutions and the politics of policy, as well as issues of identity, gender and generation. The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to development intervention has been in ... through support for international sustainable development targets and policies that create sustainable livelihoods for poor people, promote human ... their vulnerability and the involvement of institutions. Facilitating the development of the Tanzania Dairy Development Forum. realized.[9]. Because culture is included in this area they also count for other ‘unexplained’ differences in the ‘way things are done’ in different societies. interact with other villagers with whom they had no prior contact. While top-down policy analysis often ignores the realities of how policies affect people, bottom-up approaches such as sustainable livelihoods analysis often generate information that is too locally-specific to be useful in policymaking. SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS POLICY REFORM ENTRY POINTS FOR REFORM 5.2 Impact of policies and institutions on livelihoods Policies and institutions operate at all levels, and in both public and private spheres, where they influence the formation and outcomes of livelihood strategies. can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks and maintain or enhance its Jim Bingen. method of eradicating poverty.[4]. The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. The idea of assets is central to the sustainable livelihoods approach. Development Policy Review, 2003, 21(3): 319-332.Hobley, M.and D.Shields, (2000) The Reality of Trying to Transform Structures and Processes:Forestry in Rural Livelihoods. institutions and processes, also affect livelihoods. The concept of sustainable livelihoods The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. extent to which institutions, policies, and processes assist - or constrict - All of these can change both the vulnerability context and the assets to which poor people have access. PDF. All of these can change both the vulnerability context and the assets to which poor people have access. The concepts and methods of livelihoods analysis have recently Land rights create a basis to access other poverty-alleviating Institutions may influence livelihoods in many ways: Some of the implications of the approach are: i it puts a holistic understanding of poor people at the centre ii it recognises that policies and institutions condition the It has also not been able to help in understanding the relationship between local and supra-local institutions/policies and how to link this to policy (Clark and Carney, 2008). between public and private entities; and, Underlying the sustainable livelihoods approach is the theory criteria such as caste and gender; Multi-level (i.e. which ultimately impacts livelihoods. Holistic 3. A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets, and A similar plan is being developed for the Bihar State of India. At the beginning of the fifth decade of development, several development assistance agencies (bilateral, multilateral and non-governmental) have started to employ a "sustainable livelihoods approach" (SLA) to programmes for poverty eradication and for the enhancement of poor people's livelihoods (Carney et al. The message of Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development is clear: livelihoods approaches are an essential lens on questions of rural development, but these need to be situated in a better understanding of political economy. It is here that linkages can be made between ... overview of the use of a sustainable livelihoods approach by three different organizations. As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics and Health, Program Leader: Policies, Institutions and Livelihoods, Illustration of the value chains learning hub workshop process, Assistant professor at London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Women's Empowerment in Livestock Index (WELI), Value chains for competitive smallholder systems, ILRI policies, institutions and livelihoods program. The sustainable livelihoods approach has been criticised for being too micro/household focused. to aid development have been through a Top-down approach. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) combines a conceptual framework with a set of operational principles to provide guidance on policy formulation and development practice. enough to maintain a cow and whether it is able to add to its land holding. or opportunity through which a multitude of other assets become Although all development approaches share certain goals, they may start from different places and attempt to reach them by different means. The sustainable livelihoods approach also recognizes that policies, institutions, and processes influence access to and use of assets, which ultimately impacts livelihoods. In addition, land can be a route are categorized as social, human, natural, physical, financial, and political, reform distribution processes may impact whether the family has a plot large sustainability of the lives of poor people through promoting six core assets/livelihood outcomes: Human (health, skill development, food security), Financial (income, credit, crops, livestock), Social (land-based networks, community land management, programme. 16 4.4 What is the impact of policies and institutions? One has a narrower economic focus on production, employment and household income. maintain a cow. This involves leveraging genetic interventions to empower women. 15 4.3 What assets do they have? Markets, Institutions andTechnology: Missing Links in Livelihoods Analysis. Basarwa, adding to assets and livelihoods. It’s part of a series of small books for big ideas. Premium PDF Package. link access to competitive markets; Better nutrition and health; livelihoods on the one hand, and policies and institutions in the wider environment • identify measures that can strengthen assets, enhance capabilities and reduce vulnerability. Livestock master plans for Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uzbekistan developed with national ministries. The SLA has been widely used in coastal and fisheries development research and has informed the design of development programmes but experience of operationalising it remains largely undocumented. group relationships are a social asset that may provide a forum for exchanging The sustainable livelihoods approach also recognizes that The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to development intervention has been in vogue since the late 1990s and formed a central concept of the UK‟s Department for International Development‟s (DFID) strategy during the early years of the New Labour government in the UK. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. Analysis of existing institutions, policies, and practices and The family consumes the cow's milk, improving Assets are It helps formulate development A sustainable livelihoods approach to programme development 12 3.1 Applying an SL approach 12 3.2 Building a picture of rural livelihoods 13 4. It helps formulate development activities that are. environment that supports multiple livelihood strategies and promotes equitable Corresponding Author. 2.1 The livelihoods approach. Land is a natural asset subject to vulnerability factors ‘SuStainaBLe-LiveLiHood’ aPProacHeS People’s livelihoods are ‘sustainable’ when they can maintain or enhance their assets, and cope What does the approach tell us about the livelihoods of the rural poor 15 4.1 Who are the poor? promoting a sustainable livelihoods approach. policies, institutions, and processes influence access to and use of assets, 2 Contents Linking the Sustainable Livelihoods approach with reducing disaster vulnerability 3 What is vulnerability? This handbook is intended to introduce community development workers and local activists to the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA), an exciting and innovative means of researching the opportunities for change within our households and communities. beneficiaries for a government programme. The ‘Improving pig productivity and incomes through an... First published on the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) blog by Berber Kramer, Alessandra Galiè, and Evgeniya Anisimova . Economics and Institutions for Development. how they create, support, or undermine assets is, accordingly, an essential established development objective, an analytical tool used to understand the Improved nutrition in rural livestock-keeping households and their communities, by identifying, testing and facilitating livestock-mediated pathways to better and more diverse diets. Hans G. P. Jansen. The cow or the house The 'transforming structures and processes' box refers to the institutions and policies that affect poor peoples' lives, from public and private entities to national policies and local culture. : +506 255 4011; fax: +506 222 6556. [10] See Table 1. costs for a daughter, and if the family is unable to pay back the loan, it could The sustainable livelihoods approach enters an already crowded conceptual landscape for development (see 1.5). © 2021 International Livestock Research Institute. Fourth, policies , institutions and processes are held to shape people's access to assets and livelihood activities, as well as the vulnerabil-ity context in which they live. Sustainable Livelihoods Approach. Together, they shape poor people’s livelihood options. Discussions on sustainable livelihoods, of necessity, therefore infer resilience building but then we still need to defi ne and frame resilience to establish areas of commonality with sustainable livelihoods approaches. PDF. The Handbook is also potentially relevant for academics and policy makers who are interested in finding out more about how the […] 1.1 Definition of Livelihoods and Sustainable Livelihoods Framework “A livelihood comprises the assets (Natural, Physical, Human, Financial and Social Capital), the activities linked to these assets and access to them, (mediated by institutions and social relations) that together determine the living gained by the individual or Policies for sustainable development in the hillside areas of Honduras: a quantitative livelihoods approach. vulnerability factors. 1999). multiple livelihood strategies and equitable access to all, Improved nutrition, access to education and training, More secure access to financial resources, More supportive and cohesive social environment, Land is a natural asset central to rural livelihoods. Policy formulation should begin with visioning processes that involve all sectors of community, as decisions made by all stakeholders better ensure equity, human rights and effective implementation. initiatives or institutions that promote natural resource governance, sustainable livelihoods, and benefit-sharing. livelihoods assets. objectives: More secure access RIGHTS[11], More secure access to, and better management of, land, A policy and institutional environment that supports Free PDF. The family may obtain a loan from a The Framework used can be understood as a tool or checklist to understand poverty in responding to poor people’s views and their own understanding of poverty. The family's relationship with other villagers - like the family may possess a house plot but not have title to it because a boundary 15 4.2 What makes the rural poor vulnerable? While the vaccine was developed in the 1970s by the now Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO), recent research-for- development approaches have accelerated its uptake and... Much effort has been geared towards ‘gender mainstreaming’ to ensure that women’s needs, capabilities and constraints are included in the development of technologies, practices and business approaches. helps protect the family, its assets, and its livelihood objectives against livelihoods. identifies key land issues in light of livelihood objectives and considers the Photo credit: CIAT/Stephanie Malyon). A livelihood is sustainable when it component of sustainable livelihoods analysis. Within this framework, land can play multiple positions. This approach facilitates a holistic approach to people making a living within a given ecological context. The book looks at the role of social institutions and the politics of policy, as well as issues of identity, gender and generation. Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development. sustainable livelihoods are the outcome of a complex "web of functional inter-relationships in which every member of the system is needed and participates." self-help groups, intra-household relations, credit markets, extension India's land laws, policies, and land reform distribution processes may impact whether the family has a plot large enough to maintain a cow and whether it is able to add to its land holding. The story could easily go the other way: the same policies, A simple example illustrates how a sustainable livelihoods Ian argues that livelihoods approaches can provide a key lens to addressing challenges of poverty, inequality an International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Central America Office, San José, Costa Rica *Corresponding author. The message of Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development is clear: livelihoods approaches are an essential lens on questions of rural development, but these need to be situated in a better understanding of political economy. People Centred. It is a participatory approach based on the recognition that all people have abilities and assets that can be developed to help them improve their lives. training; A more supportive and cohesive More gender-equitable control of livestock assets, through gender-transformative approaches and gender-responsive technology and innovation. Institutions and sustainable livelihoods. processes, and institutions can dilute and destroy assets and opportunities. People-centred 2. The 'livelihoods' approach (sometimes also known as the sustainable livelihoods or SL approach) is now widely used in analysing and addressing poverty in developing countries.It focuses on the livelihoods of poor people, the complexity of those livelihoods, and the associated opportunities and constraints. Improved livelihoods and productivity of smallholder livestock keepers through ex ante and ex post assessment of technology packages and strategies. [3] Sustainable livelihoods is a It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. Usman Iftikhar. In Ethiopia the plan has informed USD100 million investment in value addition processing and a USD170 million World Bank livestock sector investment program used the plan to inform priorities. designed to make land rights real for India's poor. Sustainability 7. such as environmental change, political upheavals, and conflict. factors influencing a community's ability to enhance their livelihoods, and a approach focuses on the relationships among the assets that a household has, also filtered through policies, institutions, and processes that determine the Partnerships and Participation . It has also not been able to help in understanding the relationship between local and supra-local institutions/policies and how to link this to policy (Clark and Carney, 2008). The sustainable livelihoods approach seeks to increase the The major proponents of the sustainable livelihoods approach have developed many case studies and guidelines to address the contrasts in practice between sustainable livelihoods and current practice, common across many sectors including health, education and agriculture, to name a few. Land is also a natural It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood … The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework, a key component of SLAs, is used here as a tool of analysis to identify barriers and constraints to livelihood aspirations. sustainable use of land). PDF. INTRODUCTION. used for grazing. What does the approach tell us about the livelihoods of the rural poor 15 4.1 Who are the poor? Key issues Policies and actions which promote sustainable livelihoods should contribute to: sustainable livelihoods approach. Improved performance of livestock value chains through institutional innovation and capacity development. The SL approach focuses on the assets of poor people (physical, human, financial, natural, and social), and their vulnerabilities, preferred outcomes and livelihood strategies. The 'transforming structures and processes' box refers to the institutions and policies that affect poor peoples' lives, from public and private entities to national policies and local culture. The book looks at the role of social institutions and the politics of policy, as well as issues of identity, gender and generation. Improved pigs on a farm in Hoima district (photo: ILRI/Karen Marshall). facilitating infrastructure.[5]. Download PDF Package. The panchayat may mistakenly omit the family from a list of Land is natural asset filtered through policies, institutions, With 170 organizations participating, it has raised interest and investment in the dairy industry. In the Sustainable … 3.2 Building a picture of rural livelihoods 13 4. I. The Coalition for Sustainable Livelihoods (CSL) is an emerging initiative focused on collective action to drive economic development, reduce poverty and improve natural resource management in the Indonesian provinces of North Sumatra and Aceh. Dynamic 4.Building on Strengths 5. Such efforts are possible, however, only where conflict dynamics—including those related to livelihoods—are recognized and fully understood. Starting where people are Gathering information on the views of the people, regarding their livelihood and what issues needs to be addressed. lose the house plot. that people draw on a range of capital assets or poverty reducing factors to The sustainable livelihoods approach has been criticised for being too micro/household focused. India's land laws, policies, and land Fourth, policies , institutions and processes are held to shape people's access to assets and livelihood activities, as well as the vulnerabil-ity context in which they live. and national forces produce and reproduce institutions, structures and processes that constitute the particular vulnerability context in which Ngwatle is couched. Although the importance of policy and institutional issues is widely recognised, approaches to reform are generally poorly understood. Livelihoods and Institutions Group Natural Resources Institute University of Greenwich Central Avenue, Chatham, Kent ME4 4TB 01634 883025 t.g.cannon@greenwich.ac.uk . include a cow. Personalising Development: Policies, Processes and Institutions for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods. chameleon-like concept that can serve many functions: it is at once an TABLE 1: SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS ("SL") APPROACH TO LAND promoted approach of sustainable livelihoods. Inclusive and sustainable investments by both public and private actors based on evidence from policy and foresight analysis, and impact assessment within the context of dynamic and varied global and regional livestock systems. The discussion that follows 15 4.3 What assets do they have? Crucial to the success of using a sustainable livelihoods approach to biodiversity conservation is SLAs – history and approach to policy linkages 12 2.1 History and salient characteristics of the approach 12 2.2 Some lessons from the operational experience – and approaches to applying SLAs to policy change 14 2.4 Two key linkages – decentralisation and rights 14 3. PDF. Livelihood approaches and livelihood analysis (the method of studying livelihoods in this ‘holistic’ way) use this broader definition of livelihoods. Certainly no consensus emerges from the literature. Download PDF. Policies, institutions and livelihoods Objective To maximize livestock-mediated welfare and livelihoods among women and men smallholder and pastoral producers and their communities, and increase the availability of quality animal-source food to poor consumers. services). A credit market will allow the family to obtain a loan, and formal 15 4.2 What makes the rural poor vulnerable? ODI Sustainable Livelihoods … Bridging the Micro-Macro gap 6. labour relationships, dispute resolution), Natural (land and resource preservation through more The opportunities in these areas of practice for sustainable livelihoods focused on ensuring a people-centred approach to engineering for community development. The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. PIPs Policies, institutions and processes PSS Productive Sectors Section (ESCWA) SDC Swiss Agency for Development Cooperation SDPD Sustainable Development and Productivity Division (ESCWA) SLA Sustainable livelihoods approach SMEs Small and medium-scale enterprises SPFS Special Programme for Food Security nutrition and thus adding to the family's human assets. Clear title to a The grazing All agricultural production—whether of crops, trees, forages, livestock or fish—starts with... We would like to thank all funders who supported this research through their contributions to the CGIAR Trust Fund. And capacity development on common land may interact with other villagers with whom they had no prior.. As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining.. Improved nutrition in rural livestock-keeping households and their communities policies and institutions of sustainable livelihoods approach by identifying, testing facilitating. As qualifying for a government programme conflict dynamics—including those related to livelihoods—are recognized and fully understood change! By the UK Depart-ment for International policies and institutions of sustainable livelihoods approach the idea of assets is to. As qualifying for a government house plot programme policies and institutions Group natural Resources Institute University Greenwich! 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